Migraine is a common type of headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light. In many people, a throbbing pain is felt only on one side of the head.
Some people who get migraines have warning symptoms, called an aura, before the actual headache begins. An aura is a group of symptoms, including vision disturbances, that are a warning sign that a bad headache is coming.
Few Facts :
Migraine headaches tend to first appear between the ages of 10 and 45. Sometimes they may begin later in life
Migraines occur more often in women than men
Migraines may run in families
Some women, but not all, may have fewer migraines when they are pregnant
Migraine is caused by a number of factors. But the main factor causing it is the Stress.
Alcohol, stress and anxiety, certain odors or perfumes, loud noises or bright lights, and smoking may trigger a migraine. Migraine attacks may also be triggered by:
Changes in hormone levels during a woman’s menstrual cycle or with the use of birth control pills
Changes in sleep patterns
Exercise or other physical stress
Smoking or exposure to smoke
Migraine headaches can be triggered by certain foods. The most common are:
Any processed, fermented, pickled, or marinated foods, as well as foods that contain monosodium glutamate (MSG)
Baked goods, chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, and dairy products
Foods containing tyramine, which includes red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and certain beans
Fruits (avocado, banana, citrus fruit)
Meats containing nitrates (bacon, hot dogs, salami, cured meats)
Vision disturbances, or aura, are considered a “warning sign” that a migraine is coming. The aura occurs in both eyes and may involve any or all of the following:
A temporary blind spot
Seeing stars or zigzag lines
Other warning signs include yawning, difficulty concentrating, nausea, and trouble finding the right words.
Not every person with migraines has an aura. Those who do usually develop one about 10 – 15 minutes before the headache. However, an aura may occur just a few minutes to 24 hours beforehand. A headache may not always follow an aura.
Migraine headaches can be dull or severe. The pain may be felt behind the eye or in the back of the head and neck. For many patients, the headaches start on the same side each time. The headaches usually:
Feel throbbing, pounding, or pulsating
Are worse on one side of the head
Start as a dull ache and get worse within minutes to hours
Last 6 to 48 hours
Other symptoms that may occur with the headache include:
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Numbness, tingling, or weakness
Problems concentrating, trouble finding words
Sensitivity to light or sound
Symptoms may linger even after the migraine has gone away. Patients with migraine sometimes call this a migraine “hangover.” Symptoms can include:
Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp
Increased need for sleep
This disease can be completely & permanently treated with the help of homoeopathic medicines.